Solid fuel burning appliances such as wood and coal fires contribute to particulate matter and other pollutant emissions.

Stove and fire smoke contain tiny particles known as particulate matter (PM2.5). This pollutant has been identified by the World Health Organisation as the most harmful to human health.

PM2.5 can cause breathing difficulties, such as asthma attacks, and contributes to other health conditions including heart disease and stroke. People already suffering from lung and heart problems are more likely to be affected, along with older people, pregnant women and their unborn babies, and very young children.

According to the Government's 2019 Clean Air Strategy, domestic solid fuel, which includes burning wood and coal, is responsible for 38% of PM2.5 pollution in the UK.

To protect air quality and the health of residents Smoke Control Orders are in force throughout the borough. These were introduced to phase out the burning of solid fuel on domestic appliances and improve air quality.



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